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Long Term Future White Paper

Table of Contents

  1. LTE – A Technology with Momentum
  2. Network Deployments Today
  3. What About Over the Top Services?
  4. The Rise of VoLTE will Signal the End of 2G
  5. What’s Missing in the Market Today
  6. Rural Networks Need to be Prepared
  7. The Tecore Solution
  8. Scalable and Flexible
  9. Cost Effective
  10. Summary

LTE – A Technology with Momentum

As the global wireless infrastructure begins to hit its stride in the fourth generation (4G), Long Term Evolution (LTE), remains the driving force. The initial successes of the technology combined with the market’s insatiable appetite for bandwidth has accelerated the pace of deployments around the world. Unlike its third generation (3G) predecessor, which sat on the shelf for nearly a decade, LTE deployments and the accompanying ecosystem benefit from market drivers that continue to propel the technology forward at a remarkable pace.

The composition and structure of the network is evolving as the LTE technology is deployed. What was a Time Division Multiplex (TDM) only world a mere ten years ago is quickly becoming an All-IP universe where common transmission pipes are leveraged for network communications and content. This common transport has facilitated a move to centralized control in the network commonly referred to today as the “cloud”. The centralization of control has allowed the structure of the LTE network to focus on transport and mobility facilitating a rapid deployment of the technology. However, as amazing as the rollout of LTE has been, the technology has typically been deployed as a data only service. With operators still wrestling with how to provide wireless voice capability in an All-IP world, the lack of a native voice capability has shackled the LTE technology to date.

Managed Access White Paper

Table of Contents

  1. Overview
  2. Applications
  3. Operational Description
  4. Deployment Options
  5. Solution Architecture
  6. Managed Access Technology vs. Jamming and Cell Detection
  7. Deployment Examples
  8. Funding
  9. Summary


Driven by the convenience of access and freedom of mobility, today more people communicate wirelessly than in any other medium. While carriers have built their network coverage and capacity to address requirements in their spectrum licenses, little has been done to carve out the restricted areas and provide a method of limiting service. The result is a blanket of coverage that penetrates areas of restricted access, while serving the general population.

Recent national security events ranging from illegal activity coordinated from correctional institutions to information and security leaks from secured facilities have emphasized the need to implement precision control of wireless communications in secured areas. The ideal solution to address the situation is one that allows for the restriction of unknown or unwanted devices, while allowing access for those who are permitted to use wireless service in the area. Additionally, the solution must be able to maintain the regulatory requirements such as emergency access while providing support across all commercial wireless carriers and technologies.

Addressing the market requirements for this solution across technologies and frequency bands, Tecore has developed the Intelligent Nework Access Controller (iNAC)™ Managed Access System (MAS). Leveraging the patented technology of Managed Access (US Patent No. 8,254,886, 8,509,740 & 8,437,741), as well as multiprotocol wireless operations (US Patent Nos. 6,912,230, 7,733,901 & EPA 39080, 42709), the iNAC provides an end-to-end solution for selective communications restriction across the spectrum of cellular technology, frequency, and portability in a single platform.

The operation of the iNAC Managed Access classifies devices individually as they access the system. Users are either allowed to access the commercial network or prohibited access on a device-by-device basis. iNAC has a patented multi-technology controller, capable of addressing 2G, 3G, and 4G across all commercial networks from a single platform. The scalability of the platform enables a range of configurations, from a permanent installation to cover a fixed, sizeable area, to an installation that can be used temporarily. For more advanced multi-site installations, iNAC provides centralized control and operations with each location servicing the necessary technologies and frequencies applicable in the area.

In a multi-operator environment, a solution must support all types of technologies and handsets to be effective. iNAC Managed Access supports the technologies and frequency bands employed by major carriers worldwide, including 2G GSM/GPRS/EDGE, 2G CDMA/1xRTT, 3G UMTS, 3G EV-DO, 4G LTE, 4G WiMAX, and iDEN. As the only solution with proven permanent multi-technology installations in both downtown urban and rural environments, the iNAC Managed Access system has proven the solution’s effectiveness across all deployment scenarios.

FirstNet White Paper

Table of Contents

  1. LTE – A Technology to Build On 1
  2. Public Safety Today
  3. Integration of LTE is the Key – Not a Stovepipe Solution
  4. The Need for Tactical Solutions
  5. The Tecore Solution
  6. Scalable and Flexible
  7. Cost Effective
  8. Summary

LTE – A Technology to Build On

As the public safety sector looks to the future of its critical communications, the incorporation of Long Term Evolution (LTE) is a beacon of hope on the horizon. Not unlike other government and military organizations looking to leverage the throughput, capabilities, and the economies of scale of a commoditized commercial technology, the public safety sector is planning the path to bring the critical situational communications into the broadband era through the adoption of 4G LTE. Public safety shares similar roots with other government entities whose baseline of communications has historically been derived on a specific capability set developed for the narrow market sector.

The accelerated pace of today’s technology evolution is forcing a change to this model. No longer can a sector specific solution maintain the pace set by the commercial wireless industry. With the globalization of wireless communications and specifically the momentum of the fourth generation LTE, the capability set and technology are positioned correctly for adoption in the public safety sector. While the benefits of adding high speed wireless broadband capabilities may seem like a slam dunk, there are a number of additional factors that now make the case for LTE. Each is a key element available today for public safety and together these provide the foundation for the technology solution.

Military Secured Rapid Deployment System

Table of Contents

1. Overview
2. System Operations
3. Feature Set
4. Summary

Military Secured Rapid Deployment System

As the complexities of technology and speed of developments continue to accelerate at an exponential rate, it has become increasingly difficult for military and government groups to develop internal solutions one at a time. The days of government innovations driving the technology of tomorrow for the consumer are over. Commercial technology
developments have lapped the field several times over when compared to their government counterparts grown organically. Today it is much more commonplace for government and military applications to leverage commercial technology and overlay a custom feature set to achieve the desired solution. This provides a broader scope of solution
possibilities across current state of the art technologies. Communications, and specifically wireless, is a key element of technology where the commercial off the shelf innovations
can be applied directly to the custom applications of the government and military. The economies of scale presented by technologies that have shipped to the billions of subscribers obviously has its advantages. The global compatibility of a technology like GSM provide a foundation to work from that is capable and familiar to users. While good in the sense
of providing mature technologies that has been vetted and proven, basic GSM services require additional features and security elements to adapt to the custom deployment situations presented by military and government applications. To address this market and bridge the compatibility and worldwide presence of GSM with the unique feature set of government and military deployments, Tecore offers the Military Secured Rapid Deployment System (MilSec-RDS). MilSec-RDS is a custom built solution for government and military that implements the features and interfaces required to extend existing communications infrastructure over GSM technology. The system is scalable and supports both standalone as well as integrated operations making it ideal for everything from embassies to the battlefield.

MVNO Communications for Multinational Operations

Table of Contents

1.  Introduction to the MVNO Concept
2.  The Multi-National MVNO Model
3.  MN-MVNO Solution Components
4.  Key Solution Features
5.  Summary

The MVNO Approach

In today’s world, multinational forces and coalitions are formed in response to global situations. Whether deployed by the United Nations or a result of coordinated efforts between nations, the willingness to work as a multinational team to handle a situation is admirable. But one of the first and largest logistical challenges is coordinated communications. In any given situation the reliance on local infrastructure for communications is not a valid solution. Each nation as a result may bring its own communications system to facilitate information flow and communications among its members. However, as each nation deploys their own communications system, this creates a collection of disparate technologies and communications methods that require coordination at a higher layer to foster the paths between the different member nations of the coalition. The question is how this coordination can take place and how will it be managed. The answer can be taken from an operations model that has recently garnered success in the marketplace. This is the architectural approach used for Mobile Virtual Network Operators (MVNOs). The MVNO approach is one that centers on providing a service through the access infrastructure of the host operator. In the multinational example, the model can be applied as the lead country acting as the MVNO, with each of the communications systems provided by the participating members existing as an access network using the MVNO as the backbone for coordination between systems. The resulting hierarchy provides a workable architecture for communications across technologies and access

OTA Prepaid - Facilitating Roaming Revenue for Regional Operators

Table of Contents

1.  Regional Operator Challenges – Inbound Roaming Traffic
2.  Tecore’s OTA Prepaid – The Alternative
3.  Tecore Delivery of the OTA Prepaid Feature

Regional Operator Challenges – Inbound Roaming Traffic

As a basic rule in wireless and telecom in general, if you do not have knowledge of how to bill the subscriber, you do not provide them service. Sounds basic enough but the edict rings true throughout networks around the globe. To increase the “servable” users, roaming agreements are put in place between operators as a vehicle to assure payment for
subscriber services rendered on each other’s networks. The end result is an expanded footprint for the operator and a wider area of service for the subscriber.
While roaming agreements work in principle, the number of networks around the globe has exceeded industry predictions by an order of magnitude. The complexity of maintaining these agreements with other operators, the reconciliation of billing and the ongoing test and verification has changed the upper tier operator mindset when
dealing with regional operators. This change in upper tier strategy has made it increasingly difficult for regional operators to participate in the global proliferation of roaming. Upper tier operators are demanding reciprocal levels of inbound roaming minutes that leave the smaller regional operators at an economic disadvantage. In many cases this
disadvantage is prohibitive to the establishment of an agreement at all.
In the quest to add minutes to the network and subscribers to the system, operators are seeking innovative solutions that can address the roaming scenario without signing a lopsided agreement or purchasing a capability that exceeds the financial capacity of the network.
Additionally beyond the basic roaming agreement, establishing the mechanism for prepaid services across operator boundaries proves too cumbersome to establish more often than not. The requirement of Intelligent Network (IN) and the coordination of application integrity from one operator to the other through the reconciliation process is only
possible with agreements between the major players in the industry.

Rapidly Deployable Mobile Networks

Table of Contents

1.  Introduction
2.  System Requirements
3.  Network Operational Mode Options
4.  Multi-Technology Operations
5.  RF Technology
6. Installation Options
7.  Solution-Specific Features
8.  Security
9.  Application Scenarios
10. Technical Considerations
11. Summary


In the United States today, the majority of the population have or have access to a wireless phone. Whether on a nationwide carrier or a local service provider, by large the majority of the country has their choice of several operators. This has resulted in the implementation of several technologies. The resulting nationwide ubiquitous coverage has changed the-day to-day life of most Americans. The two dominant technologies in the United States today have a relative split of the wireless subscriber base Code Division Multiple Access (CDMA) and Global System for Mobile communications (GSM). Among the major service providers in the U.S.A., AT&T and T-Moblie use GSM, and Verizon Wireless and Sprint use CDMA. Both technologies therefore have a nationwide footprint and significant market penetration. Combined with the emergence of municipal Wi-Fi networks and hot spots, the resulting multi-technology environment in a given area must be considered when analyzing potential scenarios or situations. Add to this the additional deployment of the third generation wireless technology and the multi-technology equation gets more complex. This presents a significant challenge for the Department of Homeland Security (DHS). Multiple technology support is not a luxury for DHS, it is a necessity. When DHS is called to action, the speed of deployment, the reliability of the solution, and the flexibility to adjust to the situation are key factors in addressing the needs of both targeted personnel and the general population on the ground. In a wireless environment, a Rapid Deployment System that can adjust to the proper technology or technologies from the same platform, is deployable in a rapid fashion, and is built for mobility are the key components for addressing the requirements of these critical situations.

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